There are many kinds of textile fabrics. As one of the three elements of clothing, fabric plays an extremely important role in clothing. Textile fabrics can better express the style and characteristics of clothing by highlighting the color and style of clothing. So what are the textile materials? What are the characteristics of common textile fabrics? How are textile fabrics classified? Let's take a look at the knowledge of textile fabrics.
1. Warp direction, warp yarn, warp yarn density
——The length direction of the fabric; the yarn in this direction is called the warp; the number of yarns arranged within 1 inch is the warp density (warp density);
2. Weft direction, weft yarn, weft yarn density
——The width direction of the fabric; the yarn in this direction is called the weft, and the number of yarns arranged within 1 inch is the weft density (weft density);
——Used to indicate the number of yarns per unit length of woven fabrics, generally, the number of yarns within 1 inch or 10 cm. my country's national standard stipulates that the number of yarns within 10 cm is used to indicate the density, but textile enterprises still It is customary to use the number of yarns within 1 inch to express the density. As commonly seen, "45X45/108X58" means that the warp and weft yarns are 45, respectively, and the warp and weft densities are 108 and 58.
——The effective width of fabrics is generally expressed in inches or centimeters. Common ones are 36 inches, 44 inches, 56-60 inches, etc., which are called narrow width, medium width, and wide width respectively. Fabrics higher than 60 inches are Ultra-wide fabrics and are generally called wide fabrics. Today, the width of ultra-wide fabrics in my country can reach 360 cm. The width is generally marked behind the density, such as: If the fabric mentioned in 3 is added with the width, it will be expressed as: "45X45/108X58/60", which means the width is 60 inches.
——The gram weight of the fabric is generally the gram weight of the square meter of the fabric, and the gram weight is an important technical indicator of knitted fabrics. The gram weight of denim fabrics is generally expressed in "ounces (OZ)", that is, the number of ounces per square yard of fabric weight, such as 7 ounces, 12 ounces of denim, etc.;
——It is called "first dyeing fabric" in Japan, which refers to the process of dyeing yarn or filament first, and then using dyed yarn for weaving. This kind of fabric is called "dyed fabric", and the factory that produces dyed fabric is Commonly known as dyeing and weaving factories, such as denim, and most shirting fabrics are yarn-dyed.